Table of Contents
SolrMarc is used to import MARC metadata to the “biblio” index on Solr used by VuFind. See Solr Index Schema for notes on the layout of the index.
Customizing Import Mappings
The import process is controlled by the settings in the import/marc.properties file under your VuFind installation directory. The default settings should be fine for a first-time user, but if you want to change or expand the set of MARC fields that are used to build VuFind's search indexes, you can edit this file to make adjustments. See the SolrMarc documentation for details on how this works.
As of VuFind 1.0RC2, a second properties file is also available called import/marc_local.properties. Any lines added to this file will override the equivalent settings in marc.properties. Use of this file is optional, but it is an easy way to separate your local customizations from the default settings packaged with VuFind. For more details, see local MARC mappings.
You can use dynamic_field_suffixes as part of your custom field names in your marc_local.properties file. This will enable you to add fields to the marc_local.properties file without having to modify schema.xml or restart Solr. To do this, name the custom field with the appropriate suffix for the data type you need. Otherwise, be sure to update schema.xml to define the custom fields, and also restart Solr.
Customizing Translation Maps
One of the features of SolrMarc is the ability to translate values found in MARC into different strings using translation map files (i.e. language_map.properties). See the SolrMarc documentation for details on how to specify a translation map in the marc.properties file.
Starting with VuFind 1.0RC2, translation maps are found in the import/translation_maps directory.
Prior to RC2, translation maps are embedded in the SolrMarc .jar file, making them more difficult (but certainly not impossible) to modify.
Customizing Format Determination
One of the most commonly-requested VuFind customizations involves changing the way record formats are assigned.
By default, formats are generated using the getFormat function built into SolrMarc. However, the logic used by getFormat is also replicated in a BeanShell script packaged with VuFind. If you want to customize the behavior, here are the steps to follow:
- Copy import/index_scripts/format.bsh into the import/index_scripts subdirectory of your local settings directory and edit it to customize the behavior as needed. BeanShell borrows its syntax and libraries from Java, so the code should look familiar to many developers. The MARC access is accomplished with the MARC4J library.
- If your new custom script returns different values than the old script, or if you want to change the way the existing values are mapped into your index, edit a local copy of the translation map found in import/translation_maps/format_map.properties.
- Uncomment the format line (format = script(format.bsh), getFormat, format_map.properties) in a local copy of import/marc_local.properties to ensure that VuFind imports using the custom BeanShell version of getFormat instead of the built-in SolrMarc version.
Custom Indexing Functions
Compiled Custom Functions
Sometimes, it is necessary to perform special data manipulation beyond the capabilities of the built-in SolrMarc functions. See this page for details on writing custom Java code to extend the capabilities of SolrMarc.
Starting with VuFind 1.0RC2, it is also possible to write custom indexing functions as BeanShell scripts. This allows you to extend SolrMarc without having to rebuild the entire Java package. You can simply add scripts to the import/scripts directory and call them from your marc.properties file; here's an example to show the syntax:
format = script(format.bsh), getFormat, format_map.properties
More details can be found here.
Starting with VuFind 1.4, you can also write compiled Java mixin objects to define custom functionality. These should offer better performance than BeanShell, though they are slightly more complex to implement. See the README in the mixin development kit at the SolrMarc download page for more details.
Customizing Record IDs
It is sometimes useful to add a prefix to a record ID (for example, if you are importing numeric IDs from multiple systems and want to prevent collisions). This can be achieved through a regular expression trick in import/marc_local.properties:
id = 001, (pattern_map.id_prefix), first pattern_map.id_prefix.pattern_0 = (.+)=>bib_$1
(just replace “bib_” in the second line with the prefix you desire).
Here is the original thread from which this trick was derived.
It may occasionally be useful to manipulate records after you export them from your ILS but before you load them into SolrMarc. See the Code4Lib Working with MARC page for some tools to help you with MARC manipulation.